Gastroesophageal Reflux (GOR) is a condition where the food contents from the stomach go back up to the oesophagus. It is very common in infants. It is estimated up to 50% of infants less than 3 months of age have reflux. Only 1% of these infants will still be experiencing reflux by the age of one.
Our private clinics in Charlwood, West Sussex, Horley and Dorking in Surrey, and Wimbledon, London are perfectly located to see patients from all nearby areas including Chichester, Banstead, Dorking, Epsom, Guildford, Redhill, Southampton, Portsmouth, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Reigate, and Epsom.
Gastroesophageal reflux in children can present in many ways such as regurgitation, distressed behaviour or irritability, back arching, disturbed feeding, recurrent cough, faltering growth and apnoea.
There are many ways to diagnose gastroesophageal reflux in children. A good detailed history is important. Barium swallow and abdominal ultrasound can detect reflux in real time. 24 hour pH study can detect acid reflux. New study pH impedance study can detect acid, non-acid and alkaline reflux. Gastroscopy helps to detect oesophagitis and oesophageal stricture (narrowing).
A simple non-complicating reflux need not require medicinal treatment. Reassurance and practical advice such as frequent winding, avoidance of over feeding, 30 degree head elevation, frequent smaller feeds are often suffice. Feed thickeners such as carobel, SMA Stay Down, Cow and Gate Anti-Reflux and Aptamil Anti-Reflux milk can be trialed before considering gaviscon. For infants whose reflux are not controlled with the above measures, antihistamine H2 receptor antagonist and proton pump inhibitors may be considered.
Food protein hypersensitivity (milk, soya, egg, wheat) can also cause reflux and should be considered if there is no relief from antihistamine H2 receptor antagonist or proton pump inhibitors. In these cases, reflux symptoms will improve only after eliminating these foods from the child’sdiet.
Please contact us to book an appointment for your child at Paediatric Gut Investigation Clinic. We are based at Spire Gatwick Park Hospital in Horley, Medwyn Centre in Surrey, and Charlwood, West Sussex make us easily accessible to see patients from all nearby areas including Chichester, Banstead, Dorking, Epsom, Guildford, Horley, Reigate, Southampton, and Portsmouth.